Data is reproduced from EPO website. On 2 February 2009 the Indian government granted access to its Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL), a unique database that houses the country’s traditional medical wisdom, to examiners at the European Patent Office (EPO).
EPO examiners will use the extensive database to prevent attempts at patenting existing traditional knowledge, a practice described as “bio-piracy”.
The co-operation between India and the EPO comes at a time when many countries are struggling to protect traditional and respected knowledge against exploitation, primarily in the pharmaceutical sector….
A unique encyclopaedia: The TKDL is the result of a US$ 2 million joint project between five Indian government organisations, including the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the National Institute of Science Communication and Informative Resources (NISCAIR).
Under the direction of Vinod Kumar Gupta, the head of NISCAIR, more than 150 experts in traditional medicine, law and computer science spent the past ten years arranging and classifying the TKDL.
Highlights of the vast database include:
§ 54 authoritative textbooks on ayurvedic medicine
§ Nearly 150,000 ayurvedic, unani and siddha medicines
§ Over 1,500 physical exercises and postures in yoga, more than 5,000 years old.
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